June 24, 2024


The Joy of Technology

Sanctions force Russia to use computer chips from refrigerators, dishwashers in military equipment, Gina Raimundo tells Senate


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U.S.-led sanctions are forcing Russia to use pc chips from dishwashers and refrigerators in some navy devices, Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo reported Wednesday.

“We have experiences from Ukrainians that when they find Russian armed service machines on the ground, it is filled with semiconductors that they took out of dishwashers and refrigerators,” Raimondo told a Senate hearing, noting that she recently met with Ukraine’s key minister.

U.S. know-how exports to Russia have fallen by just about 70 p.c because sanctions commenced in late February, according to Raimondo, whose office oversees the export controls that variety a big section of the sanctions bundle. Three dozen other nations have adopted related export bans, which also utilize to Belarus.

“Our method was to deny Russia technological know-how — technology that would cripple their capacity to keep on a armed service procedure. And that is specifically what we are carrying out,” she said in a response to a query from Sen. Jeanne Shaheen (D-N.H.) about the effects of the export controls.

Computer system chip marketplace begins halting deliveries to Russia in reaction to U.S. sanctions

The semiconductor anecdote came from Ukrainian officials, who instructed the secretary that when they opened up captured Russian tanks, they identified components from refrigerators and commercial and industrial equipment that seem to make up for other unavailable factors, Commerce Division spokeswoman Robyn Patterson claimed.

The variety of U.S. shipments to Russia together with goods issue to the new policies — semiconductors, telecommunications products, lasers, avionics and maritime technological know-how — has lessened 85 p.c and their price has reduced 97 p.c, compared with the same time interval in 2021, Patterson mentioned.

In her Senate remarks, Raimondo also pointed to modern experiences that two Russian tank manufacturers have had to idle output simply because of a lack of elements. The White Residence, far too, has earlier highlighted people experiences, expressing Uralvagonzavod and Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant have halted generation.

Pc chips, also regarded as semiconductors, are the brains that work most fashionable electronics, from appliances to fighter jets. Russia manufactures couple of of its very own chips, traditionally relying on imports from Asian and Western businesses.

The world’s most significant pc chip providers commenced chopping off deliveries to Russia in late February, soon after the U.S.-led constraints kicked in.

Russian drones shot down in excess of Ukraine were being total of Western elements

The United States and other Western nations currently had controlled revenue to Russia of chips and other digital factors precisely intended for navy use. All those income needed a government license to move forward even prior to Russia’s current invasion of Ukraine.

The new policies tightened these restrictions and also blocked the sale of most dual-use chips, which have both equally armed forces and commercial purposes, to nonmilitary customers in Russia, such as people in substantial-tech industries.

The Biden administration stated the ban would lower off far more than fifty percent of Russia’s significant-tech imports and kneecap the country’s ability to diversify its financial state and assistance its military services. The ban was not designed to block deliveries of purchaser electronics.

In a novel transfer that the United States has made use of only when in advance of — in opposition to China’s Huawei — it is also demanding firms worldwide to abide by the guidelines and block these kinds of income to Russia if they use U.S. producing products or software to develop chips. Most chip factories close to the world use program or products intended in the United States, analysts say.

Prior investigate has proven Russia’s military has long relied on western electronics. Russian military services drones shot down about Ukraine in recent decades have been complete of Western electronics and components, according to investigators from the London-dependent Conflict Armament Investigation group, which dissected the drones.


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